Alexander The Great The Battle Of Hydapes

1300 words - 5 pages

History Essay
Account for the success of one of the following battles and explain the reasons for Alexander's success?

Many elements lead to Alexander's success in the battle of Hydapes. Tactics and Commanders are the crucial points of the success of the battle. The Porus' army (enemy of Alexander) outnumbered Alexander's army. However, the brilliant tactics used by Alexander was the turning point of the battle. Moreover, the weapons and amour, and discipline of the Macedonian soldiers also had a very deep impact on the success of the battle. Alexander and his troops fought as "one", they used the location well and surrounded their enemies. This essay will talk about the importance of each element (tactics, commanders, weapons and discipline) to the victory of the battle and explain the reasons why they lead to Alexander's success in the battle of Hydapes.Tactics used was the difference between the winning and losing in this battle. King Porus had more troops then Alexander's and had war elephants, which giving him an advantage. However, tactics used by Alexander overcame. Alexander and Porus both had infantry, cavalry and chariots. They spread out their troops on the field. The only different thing was Porus placed war elephants in front of his infantry. Alexander's horse bowmen rained arrows at Porus' left wing cavalry. Porus' cavalry sally against them. Porus' right wing cavalry rode to support the left. Alexander's mate Coenus moved to attack Porus' right wing cavalry in rear. Porus' cavalry, fighting on two fronts, was forced back and defeated. Alexander then attacked the war elephants. The elephants were stripped of their mahouts or hamstrung by infantry's axes. At last, Alexander's troops killed the enemy's' infantry and sealed the win. " When Alexander observed his enemy, he thought he should move his troops to all different directions so that Porus would be kept puzzled. He split his troops into several sections, and personally led some of his men to various places in the countryside, sent his troops off in all directions." As it shown, the tactics used in this battle were outstanding and outclassed the opposition. Alexander created confusion and lead to Porus' cavalry into chaos. He surrounded Porus' cavalry and used infantry to take out the elephants. Alexander used his strength against Porus' weakness, which also shown Alexander's clever mind game in the war. In conclusion, Alexander interpreted the strength and weakness of both sides and made crucial tactical decisions. And these tactics are the main reason for Alexander succeeded in the battle.Alexander was the commander of the Macedonian and he had the elements of a great commander should have. And he, Alexander, is the second important impact for the success of the battle. He could make right decision and he was the master of strategy. In the battle, Alexander gave a lot of commands and made a lot of decision, however, he made no mistakes and he always makes the right choice. He...

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