Alternatives To Incarceration Essay

2722 words - 11 pages

In 1996, Anderson and Dyson published a study to investigate boot camp success and offender risk assessment for CRIPP (Court Regimented Intensive Probation Program) participants. This study was conducted on 1225 male boot camp graduates. Logistic regression was used to determine which participants were more likely to reoffend after boot camp. Independent variables were recoded for the logistical regression model analysis used in this study. The effect of a prior felony conviction increases the probability of failure by a significant 27%. Those found to be most likely to recidivate are those who have prior felony convictions, prior drug offenses, prior personal offenses, prior misdemeanors, and be between the ages of 17-20. This study indicates that CRIPP reduces future offending behaviors after release. The data supports this theory.

In 1996, Mark Jones published a study which asked the question, "Do boot camp graduates make better probationers?" Boot camp graduates were compared to individuals who entered the same probation system through other methods, such as court ordered probation. Jones randomly selected a sample size 0f 307 participants' in the SIPP (Super Intensive Probation Program. Age was correlated with being a boot camp graduate, the younger the client the more likely they were to graduate from boot camp. The individuals from this study were all male. Female boot camps are available, but this study revolved around a male boot camp. Most boot camp participants were single, and non-boot camp graduates had more prior convictions. Jones used descriptive statistics analysis, Chi-square and F value analysis, and logistic regression analysis to analyze the data collected. The study showed that non-boot camp participants spent significantly more time under the supervision of probation authorities than boot camp graduates. The study found that more boot camp graduates successfully completed SIPP than other SIPP participants. More than 50% of non-boot camp graduate failed SIPP. Being employed was strongly correlated with success and decreased recidivism.

In 1998, Miller and Grossi published a study that assessed the educational gains of boot camp inmates. The sample for this study was comprised of 279 individuals who completed a pre and post TABE from 1993-1995. An overwhelming majority, 87% of the participants was male, and slightly more than half were white. Slightly less than half of the offenders had less than a high school education, and an amazing 40% of offenders were drug related. Pre and post reading levels using a paired-sample t-test analysis were used. They used an analysis of variance (ANOVA) to test for differences between the groups for the pre and post subject area tests. This study found that offenders who had less than a high school education were significantly lower than the scores for the offenders who had completed high school. It was noted that regardless of education levels,...

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