Comparing The Theogony And Creation In Genesis

1524 words - 7 pages

Throughout the world there are various cultures with varying religions and creation stories to explain the creation of the Earth and it’s inhabitants. Of these creation stories two with similar and also different characteristics is the Creation story in the book of Genesis which is a part of the 1st Testament in the Hebrew Bible and explains the creation of Earth and humans, and the Theogony which is the greek creation story that describes the origins of the Earth and the Greek Gods. Both the Theogony and the Creation in Genesis show nature as a blessing for humans but it can also affect them negatively, However the myths differ in the ways that the Earth and humans were created and how humans interact with the deities of the creation stories.
In both myths the relationship between humans and nature is shown as a positive one but with negative effects from humans’ greed and necessity for more. In the beginning of the Creation Story it is stated in the first few lines “And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.” God then began to create the Earth in seven days. On the first day he created day and night out of the darkness and light. The second day led to the creation of the sky. The third day was the creation of the land. The fourth day led to the creation of the season. And finally on the fifth and sixth day, animals and humans were created, and the first two were a male and female named Adam and Eve. At the end of everyday during creation the words “and God saw it was good” are written. God is happy with his creation of nature. The phrase shows the positive connotation of nature and the happiness it brings. In the beginning of the Theogony chaos is described as the pre-creation state of Earth. This state much like the state in Genesis is a dark empty void in the cosmos. The first Gods to begin creation of life was the God of Earth Gaia, and the God of the Underworld Tartaros. The difference between the creation of the Earth and its inhabitants in the Theogony compared to that of Genesis is that there is more than one God in the Theogony. The three original Gods created more Gods of such as Nyx (the God of night) and Hemera (the god of Day). Gaia then created Uranus, Ourea, and Pontus which are the Gods of the sky, mountains, and the sea. The various Gods bred with each other and their sons and daughters became Gods which created more forms on Earth and thus the world was created. In the text of the Theogony there is descriptive words describing the beauty of the Gods and nature created by them. In the story when referring to Eros the God of Love, it describes her in such detail and imagery, “Eros was her constant companion, and beautiful Desire followed her when she was being born and when she was entering the throng of the gods. From the beginning she held sway and obtained this...

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