In this essay I will discuss why the Third World has been the sight of most of the world's conflicts since 1945. The conflicts that have transpired have been mostly internal and not just between these countries and their neighbors. They range in wars regarding religion, liberation, rebelling, and civil wars to name a few. I will consider these conflicts and their make up in regards to countries involved in the most serious conflicts along with the impact on their infrastructures, and how these wars have been fought.
There have been over 9.5 million refugees and hundreds and thousands of people have been slaughtered in Africa that came from wars and conflicts in this third world country (globalissues.org). There are civil wars going on currently and in recent years such as Angola, where 500,000 people have been killed in the last 15 years due to fighting for rich resources such as diamonds and offshore oil. Many different groups within Angola continue to fight for these resources with the government supporting their actions. Resources from the land alone is often responsbile for groups within
countries to battle for their stake in them (globalissues.org). The rich resources alone are not the root cause of internal conflict within this nation. Political corruption, human rights violations and no laws being followed, all have a hand in the civil wars and conflicts that go on.
Another example of internal fighting over rich resources was talked about in our Part 4 reading about Nigeria ( Lesson 13). Nigera was bogged down in conflict between 1966 and 1970 when southern Biafra tried to declare its independence. Cetrain groups in charge of controlling the government did not want to allow this oil-rich area to break off causing them to block around the region. This led to starvation and other hunman rights violations. These are just a few of the example regarding the civil wars that have damaged the countries as a whole due to fighting over the land's resources.
Liberia has continued to struggle with its internal battles stemming from corrupt and unjust governments and leaders. As stated in our readings, ( CW/Lesson 13 West Africa), large scale fighting has erupted as recent as the year 2000 over the fight for leadersip in this country. Groups such as LURD rebels have takn over many areas north and west of Liberia, MODEL rebels have cut off income from the south and east which is rich in timber, and the presidents own armed forces have treid to gain and keep control around the capital, Monrovia. The two rebel groups, LURD, and MODEL, now have two-thirds of the country under their control and own the majority of military power as well. This violence has also taken advantage of human rights by enlisting boys as young as ten years old to fight for these rebel groups.
Other areas of Africa such as, Sierra Leone, have been involved in human rights violations since 1991 when the civil war...