What are the point of conversion and departure between science and social science? Are the two sciences above use scientific methods? And what my opinion on this point? What do we mean when we say that we know some thing? What are the sources of knowledge? If we take the example of part of science that is medicine, we can know that there are different source of knowledge such as personal experience of our won bodies, observation of others, our families, friends" you do look ill", popular culture, bad cough and complementary health practice such as "holistic medicine." Medical knowledge of the general practitioner, we expect the doctor to have access to expert knowledge. This is socially sanctioned "because he describes drugs and treatment to which patients would not other wise have access." Evidence from "X-ray" diagnosis, experiments, observations, instruments, add new knowledge to the patient and the doctor. Another source of knowledge is the language and practices that create knowledge. The specialist language of the doctor produces meaning that has medically recognized status, such language is increasingly entering into the discourses of common sense. We need to ask questions, look for evidence, interpret this evidence and using this interpretation to act, ant to change our understanding of the world. All knowledge requires some social expression and socially accepted meaning, but some has more status than others. The doctor has specialized medical knowledge that the patient lacks. The specialized knowledge is a collection of evidence and theories about how they can best be treated. But the general public also has knowledge of medicine "a common-sense" knowledge that is of a rather different kind. Significantly, doctor's knowledge is marked by their having a license to practice medicine. This gives them a social authority in the field of medicine than others.
Medical knowledge has radically changed from the past to new. In the past medicine has religions and magical elements, today it's more like what we call science.
The core aspects of developed medical science knowledge. Investigating particular areas of concern. Employing particular methodologies for example experimentation or observation, there is dualisms such as nature / culture, rational / emotional, physical / mental, objective / subjective. And the main aim of science is uncovering the truth and making new discourses.
Science with objectivity, experiments and logic give the way to move beyond common sense. These tools are used when looking for proof. Law in science claim to be accurate and reliable. They are never broken unless the law is incorrect or doesn't exist. Mahnomen turned homeopathy into a scientific medicine that could be evaluated using controlled studies, experiments and observation to provide proof of scientific laws. But in 1988 there was a conflict between homeopathy and physics saying "there is no physical busis for such...