How Linguists Detect And Monitor Variation In The Pronunciation Of Modern English

1870 words - 7 pages

David Graddol categorised Modern English into 3 parts. We will be looking into the handling of Late modern English by linguists. It is used in our present era where English has become the international language of communications technology and American English becoming more dominant . I will be looking at the study by Guy and Vonwiller followed by some of the devices used by linguists to detect and monitor the pronunciation of modern English.

A very clear example of how linguists detect and monitor variation in the pronunciation of modern English is the study by Gregory Guy and Julia Vovwiller. The methods they used to collect their data to come to their conclusion of AQI (Australian questioning intonation) serves to showcase how linguists come to certain deductions. This research in intonation or changes in pitch occur when a sentence is uttered in one breadth breaking usually in a grammatical structure. The AQI has a unique questioning tone, usually at the end of a sentence. This sentence will not be a question. This innovation can also be described as the High Rising Tone or HRT. This intonation encourages interaction between the listener and the speaker as the listener is made to think or prepare an answer for the questioning tone. But the speaker may not require an oral response. The speaker monitors the listener¡¦s attentiveness via this tone too.

In their findings, Guy and Vonviller did a series of surveys to note certain trends among the people in the way they use AQI. In their report, they categorised their findings according to age groups, class and sex distributions.

¡§This intonation clearly predominates among the young, with a maximum in the older teenagers who use the intonation at ten times the rate found for speakers over the age of forty.¡¨

They based this finding from the way they categorised speakers. The groups are divided into four categories. They are 11-14, 15-19, 20-39 and 40 and those above that age. Of these there were 306 instances of AQI among 15-19 age groups. The closest to this figure was from 11-14 age groups. Their instances of AQI were 79. They realised that teenagers used the form much more than the other age groups. This helped that to deduce later to come up with the hypothesis that the high rising tone in the young¡¦s declaratives is a new development in Sydney English. It seems to be very predominant in the young. The adults, especially those who fell in the twenty and above group, used much lesser of the high rising tone in their declaratives. This indicates that AQI is a recent phenomenon. It should have begun in the last 20-30 years.

Interestingly, teenagers in 1960 did not do this. This is provided by Mitchell and Delbridge (1965a and b) at three Sydney high schools. They recorded a 0.3% AQI usage among teenagers in 1960. This can be juxtaposed quite appropriately to the 0.2% AQI usage among those who are 40 and above in Guy and...

Find Another Essay On How Linguists Detect and Monitor Variation in the Pronunciation of Modern English

Communicating in relationships according to linguists, psychologists, and writers

940 words - 4 pages Communicating in a relationship can be challenging and must be approached in a particular way. Many problems can be created without the proper kind of communication, including misunderstandings, which can lead to fights or arguments. By following some simple guidelines set by linguists, psychologists, and writers, such as Susan Page, Deborah Tannen, and John Gray, couples can learn to understand each other, therefore having healthy relationships

Bram Stoker's Dracula: A Variation of a Classic Work in Modern Time

1986 words - 8 pages historical elements in the writings of Bram Stoker come to life more so in Coppola’s work with the movie, than in the book. My goal of this paper is to prove how the differences between the book and the movie are predominantly in the beginning and in the end of the film and depict Dracula as the man he was before he became a monster. Aside from the commentary in the Blu-Ray edition of the Director’s Cut, of the movie, I could not find any sources

The Effectiveness of Using Songs to Teach Pronunciation in Libyan Secondary Schools

2510 words - 11 pages The effectiveness of using songs to teach pronunciation in Libyan secondary school English as a foreign language classroom Amal saleh sase 0147321287, paper student) Chapter 1 1.0 INTRODUCTION In the most ways than not, the teaching of English is always a polemic. In a way, emphasis is put on accuracy (rules) than fluency (smoothness of speech) and vice versa. However, to possess a full command of the language

Biodiversity: The Variation of Life

1181 words - 5 pages sustainability of healthy ecosystems. Genetics plays a major role. Genetic diversity allows for the variation of life. This limits and prevents the distribution of disease and assists a species to change or adapt to their environment. Carlson, Kowalski, Wilcox (2009) studied the promotion of species establishment in Phragmites-dominated Great Lakes Coastal Wetland. Specifically in Ohio they found that species diversity of Phragmites (a common

Using phonemic transcription in teaching English pronunciation in schools in Hong Kong

2502 words - 10 pages . Hence, it is essential to teach English phonetic symbols and let the learners of English know how to use the IPA symbols in an effective way.3. Advantages of including phonemic transcription in the teaching of English pronunciation in schoolsDue to the aforementioned importance of letting the learners of English know and use the IPA symbols, some other advantages of using phonemic transcription in ELT in schools are highlighted in the following

10 Things I Hate About You by Gill Junger: A Modern Variation of Shakespeare's The Taming of the Shrew

752 words - 4 pages "10 things I hate about you" produced by Gill Junger is a modern telling of Shakespeare's "the taming of the shrew". Although with both texts being produced in separate decades they still manage to show the same themes and issues. The film "10 things I hate about you" explores the ideas of peer pressure, individualism and trust with the use of setting, camera angles and costumes. Ultimately "10 things I hate about you" has exhibited a Variety of

Convention, Innovation And Variation In Melodrama

2614 words - 10 pages discussed in chapter 4.2. As some "unconventional" melodramas do exist as well, an example of them will be given in chapter General Considerations on the Artistic Value of a Work of Art In modern times, people consider foremost these dramas, novels etc. as works of art which are not in line with the conventions of their particular genre. They rather expect a certain "Erwartungsbruch" on behalf of the work: the degree of innovation and

How past events shape the lives of protagonists Amir, in "The Kite Runner", and László Almásy, in "The English Patient"

1758 words - 7 pages How past events shape the lives of protagonists Amir, in "The Kite Runner",and László Almásy, in "The English Patient""The Kite Runner" explores on a story which is based on two boys who are in a strong relationship, just after the end of the Afghanistan monarchy. The main character here is Amir, who befriends another age mate of his. On the other hand, the English patient is a novel which was written during the era of the

Search for Identity in the Poetry of Modern Indo-English Women Poets

2253 words - 9 pages through the medium of poetry wherein she wants her identity to be established. The question of identity is a very important factor in the poetry of modern Indo-English women poets. Time and again, woman can be heard in Indo-English Poetry, trying to break her identity-crisis. The poems of Imtiaz Dharker, Mamta Kalia and Charmyne D’souza are a fair good example. These women represent Muslim, Hindu and Christian classes of the Indian society respectively

Physical Characteristics and Patterns of Variation

2033 words - 8 pages whether your are or are not something Eg. Tongue roller or not. This is a called discontinuous variation, when the possibilities are highly limited, in this case to two. There are many variables that cause difficulties in obtaining the optimal perfect result. Although some of these are beyond our control, for example the size of the shells. There are many ways where the uncertainties and errors in this experiment can be

Antropologists and The Y-Chromosome Variation

1992 words - 8 pages Y-Chromosome Variation Other genetic markers anthropologists can use to track the potential migration history of indigenous people in the Americas are the uniparentally inherited genetic materal: Y chromosomes and mitochondrial DNA. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is inherited from a mother to all her descendents while the Y chromosome is paternally inherited. The similar mode of inheritance between mtDNA and the Y chromosome allows

Similar Essays

Examine The Relationship Between Spelling And Pronunciation In Old And Middle English And The Attempts Of Reforms In Orthography In Later Periods.Evaluate The Reforms

2080 words - 8 pages pronunciation in the Middle English.The Old English (AD 450-1100)The ruling force that helped shape the Old English language was the Anglo-Saxons (AD 450-850). They hailed from some warrior tribes of Northern Germany such as Jutes, Angles and Saxons. (Graddol, 1996, p 41, 44-45) Their different linguistic background leads to a variation in dialects for the different parts of the country (Graddol, 1996, p 44-45, 134). In an effort to promote a

The Importance Of Correct Pronunciation Essay

882 words - 4 pages The Importance of Correct Pronunciation Throughout history there has been a strong need to express words clearly. Time has shown that even the simplest mistake in pronunciation has led to the loss of life as well as great confusion. If we are to be effective in this world, we must speak clearly and precisely. In chapter 12 of Judges, we see that this was no different for the Ephraimites. This passage of scripture states that 42,000

Impaired Nurses: How To Detect And Redirect

1324 words - 6 pages What is an impaired nurse? An impaired nurse is a nurse whose practice has deteriorated due to chemical abuse, alcohol abuse, or mental illness. There are different types of impairments that can impact a nurse and they may even overlap. Impaired nurses can be detected through various methods but the most noticeable way to detect them is through recognition of signs and symptoms of impairment. After an impaired nurse is detected, there are

How Far Can Social Distance Explain Variation In The Degree Of Success In Learning A Second Language?

1837 words - 7 pages , therefore, they only did that for the scholarship and not for learning English. Positive attitude leads to success and negative attitude leads to failure.The last factor in measuring the degree of social distance between both groups is the length of residence of the learner group in the target language area. Intended length of residence refers to the amount of time that the second language learner group intends to remain with the target language
Resine artigianali | The Effects of Tv on Children - 409 Words | Steinberg Cubase Pro 9