Influencial People In The History Of The Catholic Church

1535 words - 6 pages

St. Augustine was born in a small town called Tagaste. In this small town, in 254a.d. a very intelligent, yet rebellious and important life started. Augustine was a troublesome child from his beginnings, in the early part of his life, although very intelligent, he was not focused in school and had poor grades in the subject that he disliked. As Augustine grew older he began a life of parties and sin, especial after his parents sent him away to a university, he chose a life that was a lot of fun but led him further and further away from God. Augustine realized just how detrimental this was to his faith and changed his ways to become a very important and influence Christian. He began teaching in North Africa; he was a priest, a bishop and a scholar. Augustine influenced so many cultures and ways of thinking, he was said to have played a large role in the development of Platonism, neo-Platonism, largely bridged the gap between a pagan Rome and a christan Europe. Probably the largest affect St. Augustine had on the world is how he played a large role in a development of Lutheranism with was a large movement away from the papacy and the Holy Roman Empire. Martin Luther was trained as an Augustinian monk in his younger years. Augustine writings in "The Correction of the Donatists" also formulated the idea of a "just war." He is considered the patron saint of brewers, printers, theologians, sore eyes, and a number of cities and dioceses.

Pope Gregory I:

Born to a wealthy family, Gregory was a wise and clever child although little is known about his formal education, though much of it may come from his mother Silvia who is also a Saint. Gregory was a master of the spoken word and people said that his skill with words in dialect was second to none. Gregory was concentrated on God from his youth, meditating on scriptures and listening in on the conversations of elders. Around the time he was 30 he held the most distinguished civil office in Rome, only to give up everything after a long inward struggle and become a monk. Gregory stayed at St. Andrews until 578 until, against his will, he was made one of 7 deacons of Rome. He was sent to Byzantine as a permanent ambassador to try and win support for a growing war against the Lombard's who were closing in on Rome, but he was recalled to Rome in 586 or 585 where he returned to St. Andrews as an abbot and it grew very well under him. In 589 the pope died, and Gregory was elected into his place. He instated many, many new rules as pope, but ultimately was very popular. Pope Gregory was the first pope to establish good relations between all the churches of Europe and really established the papacy as a powerful position. Gregory was a father of the medieval papacy. He played virtually no role in furthering monasticism but was the first Pope to be powerful and influential enough to bring all the churches together under one, centralized rule. Pope Gregory set up the modern Catholic Church to be what it...

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