How Do We Know And What We Know?

941 words - 4 pages

Knowledge may be socially constructed on the basis of language used to describe it. Knowledge has purpose beyond the more transfer of information or facts. Member of an army engaged in a war usually know that their cause is 'right' and that of the enemy is 'wrong'. "there cause are differ." Thus, knowledge can be perceived as true or false because of its source. Soldiers follow their officers, children follow their parents and citizens follow their law - makers because they know that orders from these with the relevant authority are to be obeyed.

Language, shapes what we see and what we know. One acquires language, with a social environment, one learns to use different sorts of language in different situations. Vocabulary and speech pattern between friends or relatives may be informal and familiar whereas communication with someone of different generation, class or age group is likely to be specific to the particular relationship, place or moment.

Knowledge is shaped by social institution and by the power groups and individuals to influence the generation and acceptance of knowledge such as legal system, and education system.

Religion is a special case of authority over knowledge because it exist as much often as individual to wards the right way to perceive reality. Religions knowledge a particular kind of knowledge, based on truths revealed rather than discovered through empirical investigation.

Opinion differs about how scientific knowledge relate to religious knowledge. Knowledge of natural science is praluced in different way from religious knowledge which is seen to be revealed through spiritual experience or asacved text, rather than as of investigation.

In tradition of Islam, it is accepted that any debate takes forms of discussion of how faith - knowledge, as set out in the Holy Qura'n or the Hadith, provides understanding of questions of contemporary living.

Western social scientist studies relation between their form of knowledge and religions knowledge, sometimes religion was even opposed to science and progress.

Social scientist are more concerned with how religions knowledge is produced and affect people's lives than they are with questions of the inherent truth or falsity of be belief.

Some new social movements in the 60s and 70s in Europe and the USA crossed the boundaries between politics, religion and science (fore example the women's movement challenged particularly and its orthodoxies in tradition politics, medicine and health care and in the established church and in organized religions.

The development of a 'scientific' method of inquiry began in the age of Enlightment. This approach was increasingly influential in many parts of world. The claims of science and faith become a feature of the modern - world society. Knowledge is socially constructed perhaps on the basis of faith - teaching or in terms of what scientist call 'first principles'.

The...

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