To understand the reasons behind the inclusion of conflicting views in the Bible we must first observe the nature of these differences, although there is difference in writing style, delivery, and content, the difference is most apparent in the background of the Kethuvim.
When approaching the Bible from an objective perspective - in which historical, cultural, and social influences are taken into account - the fact that there has been some editorial work done to the Bible is evident. Kethuvim is composed of writings placed in the postexilic period, a period in which the Israeli cult was experiencing somewhat of a revival. Throughout this period there were numerous cases of regulations that tried to `purify', if not alienate themselves, from the surrounding cultures.
The postexilic period was a very difficult and confusing time for the faithful of the Old Testament. During this time many questions where arising as to the `why' of God's wrath. The faithful were living life as the priests and prophets had prescribed them to but they still found themselves in harsh situations. Consequentially a new approach to life arises and literature begins to be created that expresses this new approach. The approach may be seen as an answer to a general feeling of abandonment of the time: while some might have approached the matter in a much more negative attitude, what survives today in literature is an objective observation of the facts with a rational conclusion. The Kethuvim, reflects the sense of confusion of the time, on the one hand it is condemning non cult members, prohibiting the faithful to marry outside of the cult a sense of xenophobia is apparent, but on the other hand we get a rational deliberation on the facts. While the Kethuvim is extremist in its laws, it seems to offer a middle point, a gray area, in its view of God, of the supernatural, of the things uncontrolled and uncontrollable by humans. The careful reader, after The Writings, can delight in a view of life that condemns few things and is open to many more. The Writings is a reasonable piece of literature fostering o view that life isn't just, and that is not something that we as humans can understand.
I suggest that one reason behind the inclusion of seemingly conflicting views in the Bible is the portrayal of development. Often times I myself have deliberated, on my own or with others, on God's reason for not revealing the truths of the world to humanity, He certainly has the ability so why not let His children have understanding. I redundantly arrive at the same conclusion: the reason is primarily that God is to great for human beings to comprehend, but -since this leaves for the rebuttal that God has the power to give us the ability to comprehend Him - a secondary reason is necessary which is that Human nature is development from a simple state to a more complex and understanding state. This is why a person from...