Local Government Australia Essay

1031 words - 4 pages

Local Government - providing community needs

The Local Government Area that we have decided to study is Hornsby Shire. Commonly known as `The Bushland Shire', the area's council is called Hornsby Shire Council. The mayor of the council is Councillor John Muirhead and the general manager is Robert Ball.

The Local Government Area is split up into three wards with three councillors for each ward. Ward A includes the suburbs of Arcadia, Asquith, Berrilee, Berowra, Brooklyn, Cowan, Dangar Island, Galston, Glenorie, Mt. Ku-ring-gai, Mt. Colah, Hornsby, Hornsby Heights and Wisemens Ferry.

Ward B contains the suburbs of Dural, Castle Hill, Cherrybrook, Glenhaven, Hornsby, Normanhurst, Thornleigh, Waitara, Wahroonga and Westleigh. Ward C consists of the suburbs Beecroft, Carlingford, Cheltenham, Eastwood, Epping, North Epping, Pennant Hills and West Pennant Hills. A map of the wards is shown below.

Hornsby Shire Council

Financial Analysis:

The information used in the financial analysis was gained from the Hornsby Shire Council Community Report for 1999/2000 and 2000/2001. These are the council's published annual reports.

Income & Expenditure Report:

As you can see in the graph above, the council's income, for both financial years, exceeded its expenditure. In 1999/2000 the difference between income and expenditure was $7,623.00 and in 2000/2001 the difference was $7,542.00. The gross income/expenditure details are shown below.

1999/2000 2000/2001 Total

Income $85,626.00 $84,603.00 $170,229.00

Expenditure $78,003.00 $77,061.00 $155,064.00

The difference between gross income 1999/2000 and 2000/2001 is $1,023 and the difference between the gross expenditure for the years 1999/2000 and 2000/2001 is $942. Both the income and the expenditure have decreased in the financial year 2000/2001.

Detailed Income Analysis:

The council's income for the financial years of 1999/2000 and 2000/2001 are listed in the categories of:

Rates and annual charges
Grants
User charges and fees
Contributions
Interest
Borrowings
Sale of Assets
Other

The Rates and annual charges category is simply all the rates and/or charges, such as catchments remediation rate and the garbage availability charge, that are paid by landowners. The Grants and contributions categories include the Federal Governments Financial Assistance Grant and numerous smaller amounts for services including day care, bushfire, community services, libraries, roads, environment and street lighting.

The user fees and charges includes regulatory/statutory fees such as development applications and revenue from aquatic centres, day care centres, commercial waste services, sullage and property rentals. The Other category may include items such as fines, recycling income, park rentals, and vehicle private use fees received.

A pie graph of the council's income for the financial year of 1999/2000 is displayed below.

As you can see, by far the largest...

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