Sociological Theories Essay

1788 words - 7 pages

Event 1- Martha Stewart Stock Conviction

Martha Stewart was recently convicted for the illegal selling of stock. Officially convicted of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, and making two false counts to investigators she is looking at a lengthy sentence. We can analyze her situation through five different theoretical perspectives. Focusing on the sociological, but also with attention to the psychological and biological we can look at her situation in numerous ways.

First, from the biological perspective we can treat it as an evolutionary theory. While this may seem like a stretch, none of the others seems to fit, as she has no known deficiencies or imbalances (Neurological), and given her cooking background we can probably safely rule out biochemical theory. In addition, since we know of no family history we can rule out genetic. Even still, the evolutionary theory remains a stretch, because there's no real evidence to support it. We can, however, take it from the perspective that she was always like this, and this was just the chance for it to be exposed. That, all along she has possessed these traits of deceit and fraud, but just hadn't been exposed yet. So while the disadvantages far outweigh the advantages, we do see somewhat of an advantage because of the uniqueness of the situation; a person with almost everything still wanting more.

From the psychological perspective we can analyze her from the psychodynamic perspective. The fact that she had a successful TV show and enterprise, yet what still pretty widely vivified and hated amongst the general public would support this theory of her having a damaged ego. Again, this being unconscious and not present could have motivated her to do the deed. The disadvantage of this is that if she were do have this theory, then why didn't it manifest itself earlier? The advantage of it shows and supports why the crime onset to begin with. Her damaged personality from this preserved lack of support and likeability, however or not justified maybe have played a part in her wanting to unload the stock and save herself.

Finally, from the sociological perspective we can analyze it from three perspectives the general deterrence, the rational choice theory, and the routine activities theory. The rational choice theory is a good choice in this situation because it really sums up Martha's situation well. Martha could have weighed the situation based or her personal needs; the fact that she didn't want to lose her money and figured their was little to no chance that she would get caught and even if would given `celebrity' status. She figured there was little risk involved and went for it. The disadvantage of this theory is that some can argue that it wasn't a fully thought out decision, that she just went with what she was told; but overall we can see that to be untrue. The general deterrence theory is a good one because it shows Martha's potential thought process. Perhaps...

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