Tok Essay: What Is It About Theories In The Human Sciences And Natural Sciences That Makes Them Convincing?

1507 words - 6 pages

Ever since the beginning of the Revolution of science, the western world has valued the scientific improvement over any other, placing scientific theories and leaders on the base above their equals in lower sectors of society such as leaders within the business sector or governmental leaders, which leads to the question: Why is it that the Sciences and theories are held in such as great respects? With the two different areas of knowledge what results and consequences, do these two different sciences utilize methods such as observation, empirical evidence and the scientific method, in the development of theories? These two areas of knowledge have key differences at their conclusion, which leads to their differences in their ways that they persuade others. In what why do the aspects vary? Are the truths established in the sciences unquestionably true? But importantly, what is it about theories in Human Sciences and Natural Sciences that make them Convincing?
To begin this research, there are definitions of some key terms in the title that I will explain. The principal that introduces something to be a theory in sciences is that it must be an idea/claim that is descriptive, predictable and explanatory in nature. This is built around ideas that are supported by evidence, which corresponds to logic with the current knowledge. Even more common theories in the sciences must be able to be falsified by nature. In that way, theories by definition can never be proven to be completely right and therefore stay untouched by opposing arguments. It is the nature of theories that this essay is mostly concerned with. The word “Convincing” is area of consideration where definition of the word can be concerned. A theory that can overcome opposing argument, also known as a “concerned theory” can be defined as a theory that can persuade others to believe the theory.
Scientific theories are not always completely reliable. But then again why do people think that certain theories are so definite that they have settled with the theory being true? A reason for that could be that scientific method that the scientists develop to apply their respective theories and conclusions are so reliable that we even put our confidence into it. One of the ways of knowing, Reasoning is what the theories in natural sciences mostly rely on and where the scientific methods are developed from. The method of testing observations, and having reliable and consistent results, in a process which many participate and improve based upon describing in objective matter. There are several theories that we have come across, one of them, which involves chemistry is the “collision theory”. The theory itself provides a great explanation to why chemical reactions occur and reasons for the reactions to vary for multiple reactions. Experiments that are performed by a class showed the same results, with the statement as the concentration of the reactants increased, the same it did to the rate of the...

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